When a rook or queen moves to his opponent's back rank to attack a castled king, and the king is blocked behind its three pawns in the castle, this usually is checkmate.
Ways to prevent the back rank mateEdit
- move one of the pawns in front of the castled king up. Move h6 or g6, for example, when playing black, or h3 or g3 when playing White.
- Move your rook or queen to the back rank to intercept the enemy when it tries to attack you.
SOmetimes, the back rank mate is used as a way to protect a piece. For example, if your rook is attacking a bishop and is positioned on your back rank, and there is an enemy rook or queen on an open file, and your king is locked up in his castle,; then your rook cannot capture the bishop on pain of back rank mate.